Going into Goats: A practical guide to producing goats in the rangelands

Water management, position

In extensive grazing operations, distance to water can have a major affect and result in what is known as a grazing gradient. This term describes the situation where overgrazing occurs near the watering point while pasture remains underutilised further away from the watering point.

Distance to water must therefore be considered when calculating the carrying capacity of a paddock. If paddocks are stocked simply according to paddock size (rather than to the area within an appropriate distance from water), areas close to water will be over-grazed while remaining parts of the paddock will be underutilised.

It is important to consider the grazing gradient when planning a property and the installation of watering points.